Perhaps, no other event has piqued the interest and stirred a nation’s imagination more than the fabled Manila Carnivals. Held from 1908-1939, the 2-week fair was organized as a goodwill event to celebrate harmonious U.S.-Philippine relations and to showcase our commercial, industrial and agricultural progress. Spectacular parades, lavish shows, firework displays and the crowning of the Manila Carnival Queen highlighted the "greatest annual event in the Orient". This blog recalls the glorious Carnival era via pictorial mementos and discussions of its historied past. See you at the fair!
BOOKS: Kalaw, Maria. Legacy, Pura Villanueva Kalaw: HerTimes, Life and Works. Filipinas Foundation Inc. 1983/McCoy, Alfred, Roces Alfredo (eds.), Philippine Cartoons,: Political Caricature of the American Era, 1900-1941. Vera-Reyes Inc., Quezon City: 1985/Nuyda, Doris G. The Beauty Book: A History of Philippine Beauty from 1908 to 1980, Mr. & Ms. Publishing Co., Manila: 1980/Roces, Alfredo, editor-in-chief, Filipino Heritage, The Making of a Nation, vol. IX. Felta Press. NEWSPAPERS & MAGAZINES: Flor, Lina., “Beauties of Yesteryear”, Woman’s Home Companion, various 1974 -1975 issues/O’Reilly, G.A. “Is the Carnival Worth While?”, Philippine Magazine, October 1908 issue/Villegas, Ramon N, “Mementos of ‘Pistaym’, Metro Magazine, September 2000, pp. 36,38,40/ Graphic, 1935-1936 issues/ Renacimiento Filipino, Revista Ilustrada,February/March 1911- 1913 issues. SOUVENIR PROGRAMS: Manila Carnival Programs (1908, 1910, 1921, 1922, 1934, 1935) PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCES: with descendants of Guia Balmori, Engracia Laconico, Mercedes Montilla,Charity Crow, Rosalina Lim, Emma Zamora, Julia Agcaoili, Carmen del Rosario, Cleofe Balingit, Helen Bennett.